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Localizing strings in WTForms is a topic that frequently comes up in the mailing list. While WTForms does not provide its own localization library, you can integrate WTForms with almost any gettext-like framework easily.
In WTForms, the majority of messages that are transmitted are provided by you, the user. However, there is support for translating some of the built-in messages in WTForms (such as errors which occur during data coercion) so that the user can make sure the user experience is consistent.
Translating user-provided messages¶
This is not actually any specific feature in WTForms, but because the question is asked so frequently, we need to address it here: WTForms does -not- translate any user-provided strings.
This is not to say they can’t be translated, but that it’s up to you to deal with providing a translation for any passed-in messages. WTForms waits until the last moment (usually validation time) before doing anything with the passed in message (such as interpolating strings) thus giving you the opportunity to e.g. change your locale before validation occurs, if you are using a suitable “lazy proxy”.
Here’s a simple example of how one would provide translated strings to WTForms:
from somelibrary import ugettext_lazy as _ from wtforms import Form, TextField, IntegerField, validators as v class RegistrationForm(Form): name = TextField(_(u'Name'), [v.Required(_(u'Please provide your name'))]) age = IntegerField( _(u'Age'), [v.NumberRange(min=12, message=_(u'Must be at least %(min)d years old.'))] )
The field label is left un-perturbed until rendering time in a template, so you can easily provide translations for field labels if so desired. In addition, validator messages with format strings are not interpolated until the validation is run, so you can provide localization there as well.
Translating built-in messages¶
There are some messages in WTForms which are provided by the framework, namely default validator messages and errors occuring during the processing (data coercion) stage. For example, in the case of the IntegerField above, if someone entered a value which was not valid as an integer, then a message like “Not a valid integer value” would be displayed.
Writing your own translations provider¶
For this case, we provide the ability to give a translations object on a subclass of Form, which will then be called to translate built-in strings.
An example of writing a simple translations object:
from mylibrary import ugettext, ungettext from wtforms import Form class MyTranslations(object): def gettext(self, string): return ugettext(string) def ngettext(self, singular, plural, n): return ungettext(singular, plural, n) class MyBaseForm(Form): def _get_translations(self): return MyTranslations()
You would then use this new base Form class as the base class for any forms you create, and any built-in messages from WTForms will be passed to your gettext/ngettext implementations.
You control the object’s constructor, its lifecycle, and everything else about it, so you could, for example, pass the locale per-form instantiation to the translation object’s constructor, and anything else you need to do for translations to work for you.
Using the built-in translations provider¶
WTForms now includes a basic translations provider which uses the stdlib gettext module to localize strings based on locale information distributed with the package. As of this writing, we are waiting for more translations to be submitted, but we hope that soon we will provide given localizations
To use the builtin translations provider, simply import wtforms.ext.i18n.form.Form and use that as your base Form class.
- class wtforms.ext.i18n.form.Form(formdata=None, obj=None, prefix='', **kwargs)¶
Base form for a simple localized WTForms form.
This will use the stdlib gettext library to retrieve an appropriate translations object for the language, by default using the locale information from the environment.
If the LANGUAGES class variable is overridden and set to a sequence of strings, this will be a list of languages by priority to use instead, e.g:
LANGUAGES = ['en_GB', 'en']
Translations objects are cached to prevent having to get a new one for the same languages every instantiation.